1. Return of capital distributions reduce the stockholder’s tax basis in the year the dividend is received, and generally defer taxes on that portion until the stockholder’s stock is sold via redemption. Certain non-cash deductions, such as depreciation and amortization, lower the taxable income for REIT distributions.
Do REITs return capital?
While a steady flow of payments may sound enticing, REIT dividends come with unique tax consequences for investors. These payments can constitute ordinary income, capital gains, or a return of capital—each of which receives different tax treatment.
Why do REITs not pay taxes?
Legally, a REIT must pay out at least 90% of its taxable income as dividends. Since those dividends are actually the taxable portion of the income generated by the REIT-owned properties, the company is able to pass its tax burden to shareholders rather than pay Federal taxes itself.
What taxes do REITs pay?
The majority of REIT dividends are taxed as ordinary income up to the maximum rate of 37% (returning to 39.6% in 2026), plus a separate 3.8% surtax on investment income. Taxpayers may also generally deduct 20% of the combined qualified business income amount which includes Qualified REIT Dividends through Dec.
How do REITs avoid taxes?
The best way to avoid paying taxes on your REITs is to hold them in tax-advantaged retirement accounts, including traditional or Roth IRAs, SIMPLE IRAs, SEP-IRAs, or another tax-deferred or after-tax retirement accounts.
Why REITs are a bad investment?
Drawbacks to Investing in a REIT. The biggest pitfall with REITs is they don’t offer much capital appreciation. That’s because REITs must pay 90% of their taxable income back to investors which significantly reduces their ability to invest back into properties to raise their value or to purchase new holdings.
Are REITs a good investment in 2021?
REITs stand alone as the last place for investors to get a decent yield and demographics favor more yield seeking behavior. … If one is selective about which REITs they buy, a much higher dividend yield can be achieved and indeed higher yielding REITs have significantly outperformed in 2021.
What is the tax advantage of a REIT?
Compliant REITs are not required to pay corporate taxes. The REIT shareholders remit tax on ordinary and capital gain dividend income at their respective tax rates. REIT investors can deduct up to 20% of ordinary dividends before income tax is assessed.
Is a REIT a good investment?
REITs are total return investments. They typically provide high dividends plus the potential for moderate, long-term capital appreciation. … The relatively low correlation of listed REIT stock returns with the returns of other equities and fixed-income investments also makes REITs a good portfolio diversifier.
Are REITs taxed as ordinary income?
While most REIT dividends are taxable as ordinary income, they also get one very valuable tax break for investors who qualify. Specifically, REIT dividends are generally considered to be pass-through income, similar to money earned by an LLC and passed through to its owners.
Where do I report REIT income on tax return?
If you own shares in a REIT, you should receive a copy of IRS Form 1099-DIV each year. This tells you how much you received in dividends and what kind of dividends they were: Ordinary income dividends are reported in Box 1. Capital gains distributions are generally reported in Box 2a.
How do REITs make money?
Earning money from a publicly owned real estate investment trust (REIT) is like earning money from stocks. You receive dividends from the profits of the company and can sell your shares at a profit when their value in the marketplace increases.